Hello fellow COUGARS, Mr. Solomon here. It is my pleasure to be your photography teacher this year at San Ysidro High School.
We have begun the return to the classroom and are experiencing a lot of emotions and new changes. Worry about being gracious, kind and mature. Every single student in the nation just went through this period of “unknown”. Being back in the classroom doesn’t erase all the time you’ve missed but don’t worry too much, we will course correct to meet you wherever you are. Teachers are experts at this! We can teach anyone anything, that’s our job. We want to encourage learning not mandate it. Your mental health and well being is just as important as your academic skills. We will persevere, we will be stronger, braver and smarter from this but only if we participate and engage with each other. May we rise up and do BETTER.
ASSIGNMENTS and PARTICIPATION:
Now… if you would like assistance with Photoshop, Lightroom or another digital manipulation/editing software let me know in class or by email. I do not want anyone feeling left out so please ask whenever you need help, remember “closed mouths don’t get fed.” If you want a free version of photoshop you can use Photopea https://www.photopea.com Your Lenovo laptops can handle this and we will work with this program when needed.
Born into brothels
GROUP DISCUSSION GUIDE
In your Photography Teams answer the following questions below and SCRIBE post to your website
- What human rights issues are illustrated in the film?
- In the beginning credits of the film, we see images of the children’s eyes looking
down on images of the red light district. What themes do these images reflect?
What does it tell the viewer about the children?
- What are the changes in the children’s outlook and personalities when they are
taken out of the brothel to the beach and zoo?
- If these children were taken out of the brothel environment permanently, do you
think that they could fully recover from the injustices and trauma that they have
previously faced? Why? Why not?
- If life in the brothels is all the children have ever known, then how do they know
that it is not how they want to live? If it has become the norm, then how do they
know that it is not normal for a child to grow up in that environment? Are we born
with an internal human rights’ radar? Is awareness of human rights a part of human
- Why did Zana become so involved with these children? What lessons did Zana
learn throughout her journey? There were times when Zana seemed to get very
frustrated with the bureaucracy in India. What do you think kept her going?
- Zana is not just documenting these children, but she is enabling them to document
what they see around them. What opportunity does this provide for them?
On your own please respond and explain your answers (THIS IS NOT FOR YES/NO ANSWERS!)
• What does it mean to have the right to education? • What challenges do these children face in claiming their right to education? • Should the possibility of being HIV positive affect your right to an education? • Should your economic or social status affect your right to an education? • Should being the child of a sex-worker take away that right? • Explain your answers.
MAKING A CLONE
Using the Photoshop Layers and MASK techniques learned previously we will be able to combine multiple photographs as layers and reveal the CLONES.
By taking multiple photos with your body in different areas of the frame we will combine them in Photoshop. Start with two images and drag one on top of the other. Add a mask to Layer 1 and paint black into the mask to hide the area where your body is located in the Background layer. Once done please flatten the layer and then repeat with the next image.
You may have not heard of the terminology, but you must have definitely seen some stunning levitation photography on the internet. In levitation pictures, everything seems to be defying gravity. The model is floating, the objects around are floating and everything is floating.
Levitation photography is a simple concept of layer masking in Photoshop. To break it down in simple terms, a picture of the scene is taken without any props and models. Later, several pictures are taken with the model and the props by suspending them in air. Then they are all brought together in Photoshop by layer masking to form one image after eliminating the suspending equipment using the first image of the blank scene
There are two phases to creating a levitation shot. Shooting and post-processing.
1. Work up a scene
Levitation photography is a creative process. You don’t actually need a pricey camera for it, even a basic point and shoot camera will help you create a good levitation photograph. Just work up a good scene. Think of various different positions in which you can make your model float in the air and how is it that you will do it. Normal methods which photographers use to suspend their model are:
- Using stools, tables, chairs or any other furniture for support.
- Using ropes. Use real strong ones so they can support the weight of the model.
- Using a trampoline or jump method, ask your model to jump up in the air while making the desired pose. Use burst mode to capture shots in succession.
2. Set-up your camera
Apart from the trampoline method, if you are using any other support methods to keep you model suspended in the air, then you will have to use the tripod. Set your focus on the model and compose your scene to start shooting. Before you start taking pictures of the model, it’s best to take a picture of the blank scene.
It’s a good strategy to include some props as well in your picture. It creates a better impact and adds to the story behind your scene.
Once you have taken all the necessary shots, move on to processing your images and creating your levitation photograph.
- Import all your images in Photoshop. You will be moving the image with props and subject levitating on to the blank background. Notice the photo’s are in different tabs. Follow the instructions given.
portrait lighting 101
The portrait lighting 101 assignment will teach you how to use both natural and artificial (FLASH) lighting sources to create professional looking and beautiful portraits.
Portrait photography is one of most common forms of photography.
Portrait photography, which is also called, more often than not, portraiture, is the art of capturing a subject (in this case, a person or a group of people) in which the face, facial features as well as facial expressions are made predominant.
The portraiture photographers aim is to focus on the person’s face. They aim to give emphasis on the face of the person because this will also be the focus or the emphasis of the photograph. This does not mean, however, that the person’s body or even the background will no longer be included. Under portrait photography, these can still be included in the photo by the portrait photographer but again, the focus or the emphasis should be on the person’s face, facial expression and even distinct facial features.
There are no boundaries or rules when it comes to portrait photography. Truth be told, that’s what makes portrait photography easy and difficult at the same time! Easy because just about anybody with a point and shoot camera can do a portraiture but difficult because when you need a professional portrait taken, you must rely on professional portrait photographers…That is YOU!
NATURAL LIGHT versus ARTIFICIAL LIGHT
Learning the techniques for both styles of portrait lighting are invaluable. the ability to take your subjects both into a studio and outdoors allows for a true mastery of light. After all that’s what photography is, controlling light, capturing reality and imagination. When capturing portraits, one of the first decisions you need to make is what kind of light you want to use. Some photographers prefer using natural light. It’s no-nonsense, relatively easy to work with and it can produce excellent results. Other photographers opt instead for using artificial light, oftentimes trying to recreate a somewhat natural look, but with more flexibility than you have when working with available light. After all, the sun doesn’t produce great light all the time. Each approach has its pros and cons and are viable options for portraiture.
The natural light portraits will be taken using a 5-1 reflector. You will bounce light using the gold, silver, white or black surfaces. There is also a diffuser that allows you to face the sun and soften the light on your subject.
The use of FLASH photography will allow you to control light with precision and create mood and emotion with ease. This will be available using both portable flashes and in class studio strobe flash heads.
PORTRAIT LIGHTING STYLES
There are FIVE major portrait lighting styles we will cover. SPLIT, LOOP, BUTTERFLY, REMBRANDT, & MONSTER.
Like its name, split lighting splits the face exactly into equal halves with one side being in the light, the other in shadow.
PROFILE using SPLIT LIGHTING
Butterfly lighting is named for the butterfly shaped shadow that is created under the nose by placing the main light source above and directly behind the camera.
Loop lighting is made by creating a small shadow of the subjects noses on their cheeks.
Rembrandt lighting is named after Rembrandt , the well-known Dutch painter. Unlike loop lighting where the shadow of the nose and cheek do not touch, in Rembrandt lighting they do meet which, creates that trapped little triangle of light in the middle.
Monster Lighting is shining a light up under the face. Like when you are telling horror stories around the fire, holding the torch in a certain way so that you seem scary.
Using both the natural light with reflectors you will take 3 natural light portraits using BUTTERFLY, LOOP, SPLIT lighting styles.
Using the indoor and outdoor flashes you will take 5 artificial light portraits with the five major portrait lighting styles (1 Split, 1 Rembrandt, 1 Loop, 1 Butterfly, 1 Monster)
elements of art
Line is the most important element of all and also the most strongest in its meaning. Your eyes follow the line whether it is visible or invisible. Based on its character and direction, lines communicate emotions making it one of the strongest elements of design.
Horizontal lines suggest feeling of restfulness or calmness, vertical lines suggest feeling of power, and diagonal lines suggest feeling of movement and direction. Soft curved lines represents relaxing or soothing feel whereas acute or jagged lines suggest frenzy or chaotic feeling and so on.
Shape is a two dimensional representation of an object. Kids draw primarily using the shapes like an outline of a farm house, a tree, sun, etc. The outer line of an object forms the shape.
In photography, you can represent interesting shapes of the objects by using silhouette effect due to backlighting. Silhouette photographs make an impact when the shape of the subject (object) is clearly defined in contrast with the background.
Form is a three dimensional representation of an object. A third dimension (thickness) to the Shape yields Form.
Photography (and art) is a two dimensional form lacking the depth which poses a challenge to you as a photographer to somehow represent the third dimension by creating an illusion of depth.
By using light and shadow you can create an illusion of depth in your photograph.
Texture represents the details that are present on the surface of an object. You can use texture to create photographs that are visually interesting.
Direction of light plays an important role in bringing out the textures. Based on the mood you want to convey in your photograph, you will either wait for the light that will emphasize the roughness or softness of an object.
Color is a major design element that we love. Colors play an important role to set the mood of the photograph.
The colors can be broadly classified as warm colors and cool colors. Red, Orange, and Yellow are the warm colors that suggest the feeling of warmth, liveliness, and energetic whereas Blue and Green are cool colors that suggest the feeling of calmness, tranquility, and sad/gloomy.
Space is another important element of design that suggests the distance between the objects, perspective, and proportions of objects.
A subject represents the positive space in an image and the background represents the negative space. Negative space is as important as the positive space in defining the shape of the subject.
The lightness or darkness of tones or colors. White is the lightest value; black is the darkest. The value halfway between these extremes is called middle gray. Values help create forms and differentiate space or distance. Gradation of values within a space or shape create forms, or the illusion of volume and mass.
GOAL: You will create a set of 5 photographs for each Element of Art. Please title your assignment Elements of Art then type your element and insert your 5 photographs the represent the element visually. There are 7 Elements of Art so you should have 35 wonderful visual examples.
manual mode photography
“There is only you and your camera. The limitations in your photography are in yourself, for what we see is what we are.” Ernst Haas
Get more creative with Manual Mode
A photographer takes full creative control over every aspect of the photo and makes creative choices in the image creation process. Aperture, shutter speed and ISO are the base. If you don’t control these then you will be unable to create the best possible image. From bright sun light to low light in the gym using MANUAL mode will get you the best chance to create your masterpiece.
The Exposure Triangle
Shooting in Manual Mode means controlling three fundamental settings in photography:
- Shutter Speed
Together they are collectively known as “The Exposure Triangle”.
How do you use this with Manual Mode…follow these steps
Step #1 – How much light is on the subject?
Do I have:
- Full daylight
- A gloomy interior
- A heavily shaded area between buildings
- And so on…
Step #2 – I ask myself “What is my priority?”
It all comes down to what I’m shooting – prioritizing shutter speed or aperture to whatever I think will make my subject look its best.
- Am I shooting landscapes and want a wide depth of field? (select a small aperture like f/16).
- Am I shooting portraits and so want a shallow depth of field? (aperture again, this time a wide setting like f/2.8).
- Perhaps I am shooting sports or action, and want pin-sharp images of fast-moving subjects? (shutter speed this time – choose a fast one to freeze the subject like 1/2000th).
I’ll make my choice of shutter speed or aperture as my top priority. Now I have two points of the exposure triangle set. For the last setting, I adjust the exposure on the light meter scale.
Step #3 – Adjusting the exposure
Now is the time to look at the camera meter.
Use the light meter scale – get the marker near the center or thereabouts with the one remaining dial (in other words if you chose the aperture in step #2, the last one being set here is the shutter speed). On this -2 to +2 scale, where you place the exposure matters a lot! This is the essence of creative exposures. It dictates the mood of the photograph.
Being in the center or “0” position is rarely the right exposure for me.
Light Meter Scale
Did you know that two of the best ways to fully learn something is to:
- Practice it
- Explain it or teach it to someone else
By practicing it over and over you are teaching it into your body, almost like muscle memory. You do it so many times you’ll end up with it being automatic like it is for me (and those with years of experience who make it look effortless).
GOAL: You will complete a series of 6 pairs of photographs using MANUAL MODE only. Choosing to underexpose or overexpose your photograph with purpose and artistic motivation.
OH SNAP! WORD (ALPHA PHOTOGRAPHY)
For this assignment you will look for naturally occurring letters or manufactured products where letters appear. NO SIGNS, CLOTHING, BILLBOARDS…etc. Observe the worl around you and using the cameras on campus and at home do your best to find letters that will form words. We will create the words when we upload to your wordpress site.
GOAL: Photograph letters you find and create 5 words (minimum of 4-5 letters per word)
DUE Friday 8/27
diptych + Triptych photography
DIPTYCH & TRIPTYCH PHOTOGRAPHY
Diptychs are two photographs; Triptychs are three that have been placed together to tell a single, intertwining story. While diptychs can be as unique as their creator’s imagination, the most popular ones can tell a simple story.
Photography is about visual communication: sharing stories, ideas, and feelings through images. A diptych of two images, or parts of two images, is an impact full storytelling tool. Look for thematic, composition, and other visual synergies that will make your diptychs more powerful than the sum of their parts.
Diptych and triptych come from the Greek meaning two (dip) or three (trip) fold (tych). Many modern artists create pieces that are designed to be on display together and the diptych and triptych have become very popular story telling devices.
As well as being great story-telling devices, diptychs and triptychs are visually pleasing and help make use of photos that may not work on their own.
There is no right or wrong when it comes to these composites so play, have fun and put together whatever feels right. Think complimentary images or think completely opposite images! Try color combinations, pictures with a running theme, things that show movement or photos that show the passage of time. The possibilities are endless!
GOAL: You will complete 6 sets of Diptych or Triptych combinations.
You can choose to complete 6 diptych or
6 triptych combinations or a mix of both.
shutter speed study
What is shutter speed?
The shutter speed refers to the length of time the opening in the lens remains open to let light into the camera and onto the sensor. The shutter speed can be as fast as 1/10,000 of a second or as slow as several minutes.
How does your choice of shutter speed affect the photograph?
Fast shutter speeds have the effect of freezing motion in the scene you are photographing. Conversely, slow shutter speeds will blur motion in a scene. Both of these can be used to great creative effect.
The chart below shows how different shutter speeds would effect the sense of motion if you were photographing a person running. Fast shutter speeds will freeze the motion. This technique is often used in sports photography. The slower the shutter speed becomes, the more blurred the person running becomes in the photograph.
FROZEN MOTION: FAST SHUTTER SPEED
BLURRED MOTION:SLOW SHUTTER SPEED
GOAL: Using the Tv (Shutter Priority Mode) complete 10 photographs.
Take 5 using a fast shutter speed and
Take 5 using a slow shutter speed.
Title the assignment Shutter Speed Study
1) What is Aperture?
Simply put, aperture is a hole within a lens, through which light travels into the camera body. It is easier to understand the concept if you just think about our eyes. Every camera that we know of today is designed like human eyes. The cornea in our eyes is like the front element of a lens – it gathers all external light, then bends it and passes it to the iris. Depending on the amount of light, the iris can either expand or shrink, controlling the size of the pupil, which is a hole that lets the light pass further into the eye. The pupil is essentially what we refer to as aperture in photography. The amount of light that enters the retina (which works just like the camera sensor), is limited to the size of the pupil – the larger the pupil, the more light enters the retina.
2) Size of Aperture – Large vs Small Aperture
The iris of the lens that controls the size (diameter) of the aperture is called “diaphragm” in optics. The sole purpose of the diaphragm is to block or stop all light, with the exception of the light that goes through the aperture. In photography, aperture is expressed in f-numbers (for example f/5.6). These f-numbers that are known as “f-stops” are a way of describing the size of the aperture, or how open or closed the aperture is. A smaller f-stop means a larger aperture, while a larger f-stop means a smaller aperture. Most people find this awkward, since we are used to having larger numbers represent larger values, but not in this case. For example, f/1.4 is larger than f/2.0 and much larger than f/8.0.
3) What is Depth of Field?
One important thing to remember here, the size of the aperture has a direct impact on the depth of field, which is the area of the image that appears sharp. A large f-number such as f/32, (which means a smaller aperture) will bring all foreground and background objects in focus, while a small f-number such as f/1.4 will isolate the foreground from the background by making the foreground objects sharp and the background blurry.
GOAL: Using the Av (APERTURE PRIORITY MODE) complete 10 photographs using the same subject but one with the lowest f/stop and the other with the highest f/stop. Upload the photos side-by-side to compare and contrast the depth of field. (Total due 20 images)
VANTAGE point & frame
Vantage Point and Frame are essential choices that must be made by photographers no matter what their ultimate goal for image making.
This act of choosing what to include and exclude, what is our central focus and what is on the periphery (outside the frame), as well as the vantage point and point of view of the camera provides context and meaning. The use of the photographic frame as constructed in the camera’s viewfinder is central to reflecting the intentional visual and conceptual concerns in how photographic meaning is considered.
Give particular attention to your use of the photographic frame and your vantage points
- Shoot From A Low Angle: Bug/Worm’s Eye View
Shooting from a low angle is probably the most popular alternative to eye-level perspective photography. It can be challenging because you may have to squat, sit, kneel or lie down to capture your image. It’s worth the effort because it provides an out-of-the-ordinary look at your subject and the results can be stunning.
Start by identifying your subject and find a low angle to shoot from. You might even want to place your camera or iPhone on the ground for additional support. You can use leading lines or anything in the foreground to draw the viewer into your image.
Focus on the interesting angles you find when your camera is really close to the ground or better yet, on the ground, level with or looking up at your subject. You could also experiment with flipping your iPhone so the camera lens is closer to the ground. This will provide an even stronger low-angle effect.
- Shoot From A High Angle: Bird’s Eye View
Looking down towards your subject is another way to get a new and unique angle with your perspective photography. You don’t necessarily need to climb to the top of a building to accomplish this, but that is one popular possibility. In fact, if you can gain access to the upper floors or the roof of a tall building, you can discover some amazing vantage points.
There are other ways to get above your subject, whether you’re standing on something that gives you a little lift or if you’re just naturally taller than your subject. It could be as simple as looking down into the cup of coffee you’re holding, with your feet and the ground beneath them included for depth.
You could also try this technique with portraits by having your subject lie on the ground or sit and look up at the camera. Just be sure the angle flatters them and enhances their appearance.
Go above and beyond your typical habits and present your surroundings from top to bottom. The view you create might serve as an exciting new perspective that you can use again and again, improving your photography in the process.
GOAL: While paying attention to your FRAME complete
5 Bird’s Eye View and 5 Bug’s Eye View photographs and upload the best to your individual websites.
Title the assignment VANTAGE POINT AND FRAME and also type the titles below
BUG’S EYE VIEW and insert your 5 photos
BIRD’S EYE VIEW and insert your 5 photos
thank you and GOOD LUCK!
Below are your at home “cell phone” photography assignments.
Due August 13th
Motivational Banner Photo
This project asks you to create a motivational banner using whatever material you may have. Post-It Notes, napkins, paper, etc… Please create a banner with a motivational word, message or phrase. Hang the banner wherever, inside or outside, on a wall or a tree, that’s your choice. Last step is to photograph the banner and then upload to your website. Please remember to give the photograph the title. MOTIVATIONAL BANNER and then insert the photo below. THANK YOU
photograph an outfit with a significant memory
This project asks you to remember a significant moment in your life. Positive or negative, happy or tragic, but think of the outfit/clothing you wore. The outfit can be hung or laid out upon your bed or floor. Using your cell phone camera please photograph the entire outfit. Thank you for sharing with me this important memory.
Movie that made me cry (or almost tough guy)
This project can be drawn or sketched if you prefer but at the least please photograph your device ( T.V., laptop, iPad) and capture any scene from the movie that made you cry or emotional because it was that darn good.
Fix it and document it
For this project I would like for you to discover or fix that thing you’ve been staring at forever but never got around to fixing it. Like a broken pencil or a hole in your jeans find something in need of repair. Photograph it and then fix it and photograph it once more (before and after). Upload to your website with a title.
Flash photo under your bed
In this project you will simply turn the flash on your cell phone camera. Look under the bed and take a picture! No moving things or cleaning up just take a picture as it is. (If your bed is on the floor or there is no space under your bed then you don’t have to take one, no point deduction)